Dental avulsion is the complete displacement of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone due to trauma or injury. It is also known as a “knocked-out” tooth. Dental avulsion is a serious dental emergency and requires immediate attention from a dentist or oral surgeon.
THE CAUSES OF DENTAL AVULSION
- Accidents by bicycle
- Sports accident
- Being hit in the face
- Traffic Accident
THE SYMPTOMS OF DENTAL AVULSION
The most obvious symptom of dental avulsion is the complete displacement of the tooth from its socket. Other symptoms may include bleeding, pain, swelling, and difficulty chewing or speaking.
Here are the steps that are typically taken for the treatment of dental avulsion:
1. Find the tooth: If the tooth has been completely knocked out, it is important to locate it as soon as possible. Handle the tooth by the crown (the part that is normally visible in the mouth) and avoid touching the root.
2. Clean the tooth: If the tooth is dirty, rinse it gently with water or saline solution. Do not use soap or any other cleaning agent, and do not scrub the tooth.
3. Replant the tooth: If possible, try to replant the tooth in its socket immediately. Gently push the tooth back into the socket, and hold it in place with your fingers or by biting down on a piece of gauze or a clean cloth. If you are unable to replant the tooth, place it in a container of milk or saliva to keep it moist.
4. Seek immediate dental care: Regardless of whether the tooth has been replanted or not, it is important to seek immediate dental care. The dentist will examine the tooth and the socket, and take appropriate steps to ensure the best possible outcome. This may include splinting the tooth to adjacent teeth for several weeks to help it reattach and prescribing antibiotics to prevent infection.
The success of re-implanting a tooth after dental avulsion depends on several factors, including
– how quickly the tooth is re-implanted
– the amount of time the tooth is out of the socket, and
– the condition of the tooth and surrounding tissues.
In some cases, a dental implant or other restorative treatment may be necessary to replace the missing tooth.